Landscape Design Full Sun Perennials | Full Sun Flower Garden Landscaping Design

Part of the You Can Learn Landscaping and Gardening series.
By Ken Brown
May 1, 2008

Here is a great Landscape Design for Full Sun Perennials. You have that section in your flower garden that just seems to get burned all summer long with the hot sun and no relief. Well this is a wonderful Full Sun Perennial landscape design that you will really enjoy. There is so much color, flowers and beauty that you will find yourself just sitting and watching the flowers grow.

These Perennials Can Handle the Hot Summer Sun

This group of perennials were selected for their ability to bloom in the hot sun without needing a lot of water or special care. The Perennial Salvia is the first to bloom in this rich color grouping. These flowers will bloom from June through September and really require little care to maintain. The East Friesland variety is dark violet and needs no staking. The salvia is a relative of the sage plant.

I have included the sphagetti thin branches of the Threadleaf Coreopsis with their colorful yellow flowers. The Threadleaf Coreopsis produce blooms in early to late summer. It is also known as tickweed or tickseed. The flowers of the threadleaf coreopsis are normally yellow with a light brown center. You should plant in full sun in well drained areas. They are hardy in hot dry areas and withstand poor soil conditions. They are native American wild-flowers.

Toward the back of the landscape design for full sun perennials I have added the Russian Sage. The Russian Sage is also known by the name Perovskia. It blooms during the summer and requires full sun. It can grow from 3 to 5 feet tall. The Russian Sage is a woody plant or shrub plant. The Perovskia is growable in zones 4 through 9 and can get by with little care or attention. The Russian Sage will look good and requires minimal care during the driest hot summers.

Many people are delighted with the Day Lily. It can provide multiple flowers throughout the hot summer and the flowers are large and beautiful. I recommend you get multiple varieties. There is no need to stick to one specific variety like the D'Oro. They are faithful bloomers with no insect or pest diseases. They are considered some of the most popular Illinois flowers.

The last plant I recommed for this grouping is a specimen plant for the area. Choose a flowering crabapple. Find one with little fruit. Late in the fall the birds will eat the ripen fruit and you won't have any in the yard. In the spring the branches all flower in pretty white or pink. Then leaves begin to form and before too long you have the first berries forming. They really are interesting trees. It won't grow too high and you can keep it trimmed to a size you like.

Now with the tree and the other flowers, go ahead and add a bird bath. The birds will flitter from the tree to the bird bath. The tree becomes a sanctuary from predators and the bird bath will become a favorite spot for birds of all kinds. Remember do not put the bird bath directly underneath the tree. You have to position it in the sun for best results.

Landscape Design Has Beautiful Flowering Perennials

So that is a quick run down of this Full Sun Perennial Landscape Design. I will provide some photos / images below so you know what you are getting and what to expect from the design. Remember you don't have to water it very often. Only during really dry periods. So, it is easy on your budget. You can trim the flowers from the perennial Salvias after they are spent. The birds will eat the seeds. This will give you a second bloom period.

The Russian Sage is another spot the birds will enjoy as they wait their turn on the bird bath. The Coreopsis flower like a carpet in the garden and the DayLilies will flower with their large showy flowers. A full sun carnival.

For this full sun perennial landscape design I recommend the following perennials.

Use These Perennials

A photo of a Perennial Salvia to be used in the Full Sun Perennial Landscape Design for your home.
The perennial salvia is a family favorite with dark purple flowers. If you trim the spent flowers you can get blooms almost all summer long. You can get them in violet-blue or rose-pink and they will grow 2 to 3 feet tall and the same width. Another name for the salvia is violet sage or perennial sage.
You can plant six Perennial Salvias. If you trim the spent flowers you can get blooms almost all summer long. You can get them in violet-blue or rose-pink and they will grow 2 to 3 feet tall and and the same width. Another name for the salvia is violet sage or perennial sage.

The salvia flowers in dry conditions and attracts butterflys. These look great next to butterfly bushes and are pretty much pest free. The purples will blend nicely with the yellows from the DayLily and Coreopsis.
A photo of a yellow Threadleaf Coreopsis to be used in the Full Sun landscape design for back yard gardens.
The Threadleaf Coreopsis is a perennial with thin branches but lot's of beautiful yellow flowers.
Next, you should plant six Threadleaf Coreopsis. The Threadleaf Coreopsis grows in full sun and can produce plants from 1 to 2 feet tall. The flowers normally bloom yellow and are in full bloom throughout the summer. It makes an excellent border plant. They are long stemmed flowers and transition nicely as cut flowers.
A photo of a Russian Sage helps bring out the late summer beauty in this hot summer sun Landscape Design.
The Russian Sage can add year round interest to your garden. Remember to give the Russian Sage water sparingly as too much water can produce a weak bloom and floppy plant. Yes, you can even neglect them. A perfect plant.
Plant Three Russian Sage. This winter I left my Russian Sage stand instead of cutting it back. This was our 7th highest snow cover in 100 + years and the Russian Sage held it's own. It was able to handle the cold, the snow and the below zero blowing wind. It added great interest as it kept it's head above the snow line. It requires little care; just a little water and a lot of sun. The Perovskia can become floppy when planted in too much shade. The leaves are like lace, very fine and almost "airy". The soil should be well drained and can be sandy or loamy with good results. If your garden soil isn't well drained then add sand to the mix.
This image of a DayLily shows the huge summer flowers in this flower garden Landscape Design.
The DayLily comes in a variety of colors. I recommend using multiple varieties for greater interest. Click on photo for a better look.
Plant Four DayLilies. The DayLily is no stranger to hot summer weather. This perennial stands up to anything you or the children can throw at it. It can be found growing along roadsides after nasty winters and dry summers. But brings color to your yard and flower garden. I recommend you find a variety of DayLilies and don't settle for just one variety. You will add interesting color and a beautiful mix to your garden.
This Flowering Crabapple starts spring with color as a specimen anchor to the full sun perennial Landscape Design.
The Flowering Crabapple starts spring with color. This is those large white bushes you see in bloom each spring for just a few days.
Plant one Flowering CrabApple Tree. You will love the the different seasons of this tree. You can keep it cut at a manageable height. It provides resting places and shelter for the birds. In the late fall it will provide food for late leaving birds. It has many different seasons as it goes from flower, to leaves to berries to fall colors. A beautiful specimen.
Find a bird bath that strikes your fancy for this landscape design.
The Bird Bath will keep you entertained throughout the summer.
Plant one Bird Bath. Okay you don't really want to plant it. But, find one that is interesting and then fill it with water. The birds will come each day and splash and drink from it. I love just sitting and watching the birds. They all have their favorite techniques. Some will gingerly approach the bowl as if a giant alligator will snap at them. Others land in the water like a bad pilot in heavy winds. They all have different ways to wash and all are interesting to watch.

This landscape design for full sun perennials requires a space approximately 9 feet by 12 - 14 feet. Position the design in your backyard so the Russian Sage is at the back of the plot. This will give the smaller perennials a chance to be seen. Remember the first year the design will appear rather sparse. It takes a year or two for everything to fill in appropriately. If it looks too sparse then add some annuals like pansies to "brighten it up" a little.

Most of the show will occur in mid summer as the Daylilies, Russian Sage and Threadleaf Coreopsis come into bloom. But, the Perennial Salvia will be flowering earlier before summer comes. You will be rewarded with a rich texture of color and beauty.

Recommended Flowers for the Full Sun Perennial Landscape Design

Perennial Quantity Interest Color
Perennial Salvia 6 Spring - Fall Blue or Purple
Threadleaf Coreopsis 6 Summer to Fall yellow with Tan or Brown center
Daylily 4 Summer Choose 4 different varieties (Yellow, orange, red)
Russian Sage 3 Summer - Fall Light Blue - Purple
Flowering CrabApple 1 Spring White to Pink Flowers
Bird Bath 1 Water Often Choose a Design that Interests You

This is a plot view showing the Landscape design for Full Sun Perennials with 6 Salvia Perennials, 6 Threadleaf Coreopsis, 3 Russian Sage, 4 DayLilies, 1 Flowering Crabapple, and 1 Bird Bath.
This is a plot showing the Full Sun Perennials Landscape Design.

Landscape Design - For Full Sun Perennials

Give this design a try. I think you will come to enjoy the Landscape Design for Full Sun Perennials. It is easy care with just a little watering during dry periods. The Perennial Salvia will bloom in spring and will begin attracting butterflies. Then the Threadleaf Coreopsis and DayLilies begin their summer show. The Russian Sage will bloom last and can be left standing all winter as it provides a wonderful visual interest for winter. The Crabapple will bloom in early spring when there is still a chance of frost in the air.

I was very concerned when I placed my first Crabapple tree in the yard. My landscaper friend, Jim, assured me that it wasn't going to be messy. I had visions of ugly rotting fruit underneath the tree with the kids throwing it all over the yard. But, it isn't that way at all. It produces a lot of fruit that the birds just love in the fall. When snow is in the air all kinds of birds are using this as their final food source before heading south. Be sure and select a cultivar with tiny fruit. Keep it trimmed to a size you like.

I hope you enjoy this spectacular landscape design. It will serve you well for many years with lot's of flowers and interest. Feel free to substitute perennials you like with some of these. Remember to put the larger flowers in the back. Since this is a full sun section of the garden, you don't want to put anything that needs a lot of watering into this landscape design. Water it only during really dry times. Maybe once a week if things begin to look bad. Enjoy your summer bonanza of color.

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